Jitsi Meet - Secure, Simple and Scalable Video Conferences


Jitsi Meet - Secure, Simple and Scalable Video Conferences

Jitsi Meet is an open-source (Apache) WebRTC JavaScript application that uses Jitsi Videobridge to provide high quality, secure and scalable video conferences. Jitsi Meet in action can be seen at here at the session #482 of the VoIP Users Conference.

The Jitsi Meet client runs in your browser, without installing anything on your computer. You can try it out at https://meet.jit.si.

Jitsi Meet allows for very efficient collaboration. Users can stream their desktop or only some windows. It also supports shared document editing with Etherpad.

NOTE: If you are looking for Jitsi as a Service (JaaS) please start here.


On the client side, no installation is necessary. You just point your browser to the URL of your deployment. This section is about installing a Jitsi Meet suite on your server and hosting your own conferencing service.

Installing Jitsi Meet is a simple experience. For Debian-based system, following the quick install document, which uses the package system. You can also see a demonstration of the process in this tutorial video.

For other systems, or if you wish to install all components manually, see the detailed manual installation instructions.

Installation with Docker is also available. Please see the instruction.


Latest stable release release

You can download Debian/Ubuntu binaries:

You can download source archives (produced by make source-package):

Mobile apps

You can also sign up for our open beta testing here:

Release notes

Release notes for Jitsi Meet are maintained on this repository.


For web development see here, and for mobile see here.


If you are looking to contribute to Jitsi Meet, first of all, thank you! Please see our guidelines for contributing.

Embedding in external applications

Jitsi Meet provides a very flexible way of embedding in external applications by using the Jitsi Meet API.


The security section here was starting to feel a bit too succinct for the complexity of the topic, so we created a post that covers the topic much more broadly here: https://jitsi.org/security

The section on end-to-end encryption in that document is likely going to be one of the key points of interest: https://jitsi.org/security/#e2ee

Security issues

For information on reporting security vulnerabilities in Jitsi Meet, see SECURITY.md.


Jitsi Meet started out as a sample conferencing application using Jitsi Videobridge. It was originally developed by ESTOS' developer Philipp Hancke who then contributed it to the community where development continues with joint forces!

  • 100% support for Firefox (and other non-Chrome browsers)

    100% support for Firefox (and other non-Chrome browsers)

    I'm using Jitsi Meet (The public service hosted at https://meet.jit.si/) for two years now and in my experience it doesn't work reliably with Firefox. I even think as soon as one of the conference members uses Firefox, sooner or later the conference will experience some audio or video issues. Consequently we can't use Jitsi Meet well for a wider/external audience because we can't demand them to use Chrome.

    The actual issues experienced range from voice and video drop outs, to connectivity issues (poor connectivity or connection lost). As soon as the Firefox members leaves, the issues stop appearing. Because these issues are so blur I can't provide any details at the moment. Therefore I have the general question, if you plan to support Firefox 100%? If I should provide more technical details about the issues, where can I find description how to gather those details?

    opened by jans23 171
  • Screen sharing on mobile app does not exist

    Screen sharing on mobile app does not exist

    Is your feature request related to a problem you are facing? Teacher wants to share screen with class Uses Apple Ipad Starts Jitsi in Browser App comes up, can not be avoided App does not allow to share screen Materials not visible to students

    Describe the solution you'd like Enable screen sharing just as in browser

    Describe alternatives you've considered Use desktop computer instead of ipad But is not portable and has other apps / entire workflow would have to be changed

    Thanks for consideration.

    feature-request mobile ios 
    opened by quantumbeat 136
  • Meta - camera issues

    Meta - camera issues

    If your camera is not working, please test it on https://test.webrtc.org and report your results here.

    https://github.com/jitsi/jitsi-meet/issues/5236 https://github.com/jitsi/jitsi-meet/issues/5335 https://github.com/jitsi/jitsi-meet/issues/3532 https://github.com/jitsi/jitsi-meet/issues/5390 https://github.com/jitsi/jitsi-meet/issues/5195 https://github.com/jitsi/jitsi-meet/issues/5372 https://github.com/jitsi/jitsi-meet/issues/5186 https://github.com/jitsi/jitsi-meet/issues/1964 https://github.com/jitsi/jitsi-meet/issues/5358 https://github.com/jitsi/jitsi-meet/issues/5479 https://github.com/jitsi/jitsi-meet/issues/5466 https://github.com/jitsi/jitsi-meet/issues/5463 https://github.com/jitsi/jitsi-meet/issues/2495 https://github.com/jitsi/jitsi-meet/issues/5492 https://github.com/jitsi/jitsi-meet/issues/5155 https://github.com/jitsi/jitsi-meet/issues/5448 https://github.com/jitsi/jitsi-meet/issues/5430 https://github.com/jitsi/jitsi-meet/issues/5490 https://github.com/jitsi/jitsi-meet/issues/4163 https://github.com/jitsi/jitsi-meet/issues/5425

    Update: macOS users, please try this:

    • Open Activity Monitor
    • Search for "VDCAssistant"
    • Right click, force quit
    • Does it work now?

    Update 2:

    We have deployed a new Jitsi Meet version (on meet.jit.si) which we think solves this problem. Please give it a try! In order to know you are running the new version note that new mute buttons have a new appearance:

    Screen Shot 2020-04-02 at 13 56 36

    Update 3:

    I found an old webcam and could reproduce the problem! Any chance you can test the following? (SomeRandomRoomNameToTestTheCamera is a room name i just made up)


    Then try to select your camera.

    Update 4:

    The fix mentioned on update 3 is now deployed on meet.jit.si.

    confirmed meta devices 
    opened by saghul 117
  • jitsi meet android error connection custom server

    jitsi meet android error connection custom server

    Hi, I'm trying to use jitsi-meet for android using a custom jitsi server. My problem is that with the meet.jit.si server the connection is ok, but with my custom server the connection is not ok. I see a black screen. the certificate is self signed and in android I imported it in the local keychain.

    could you help me to understand the issue? Thank you very much

    opened by manang 102
  • iOS - changing Default_Server_URL breaks invitation functionality

    iOS - changing Default_Server_URL breaks invitation functionality

    Hi again,

    Just cloned the ios app and was able to compile and run ok. But when I click on "invite someone" in its new menu location, nothing happens. It used to work fine in the previous version when the button was on the display and not in the menu.

    All I see in the xcode debug logs is:

    2019-01-24 18:27:45.823077+0000 jitsi-meet[3494:1133586] [MC] Filtering mail sheet accounts for bundle ID: xxx.yyy.zzz, source account management: 1 2019-01-24 18:27:45.823574+0000 jitsi-meet[3494:1133586] [MC] Filtering mail sheet accounts for bundle ID: xxx.yyy.zzz, source account management: 2

    Hope this report helps.


    opened by pdarcos 82
  • feat: allow jitsi meet to be opened in a mobile browser

    feat: allow jitsi meet to be opened in a mobile browser

    Allow jitsi meet to run on a mobile browser based on a config parameter in the "interface_config.js".

    This topic came up a couple of times in the mailing list and the current solution as suggested here is not ideal.

    This feature is really useful for audio only requirements in apps that integrate with jitsi meet through the external api.

    Note: Running jitsi meet in the browser of a device is useless where webrtc is not supported.

    opened by riyadhzen 82
  • Feature Request: Breakout Rooms

    Feature Request: Breakout Rooms

    Thanks for making this, this is amazing! I would love to use this for the volunteer-led classes that a nonprofit I work for teaches and has had to transition to doing over video conferencing.

    The one feature that would really make this functionally stand out for us among the closed-source competition would be the ability to have breakout rooms. So if a teacher is hosting a call of ten students, the teacher could group the students into smaller calls of 2-3 students to do smaller discussions or activities together, drop in on different smaller calls to see how they're doing, then bring them back in to the larger call.

    Thanks again!

    opened by JpTiger 78
  • Issues with SSL

    Issues with SSL

    Hi I have a subdomain pointing to the ip of jitsi and I have followed the quick install, it was giving me an error about invalid SSL, I tried a few things and uninstalled and reinstalled jitsi meet, the error still remains, and now I have issues opening the camera, I have to remove permissions and re add every time I came to the page, but now also the video screen has disappeared from the display.

    Any suggestions guys ?


    opened by AdamMiltonBarker 78
  • After I type make, how can i attach it to the domain of my server?

    After I type make, how can i attach it to the domain of my server?

    [email protected]:~/m-health$ make
    ./node_modules/.bin/webpack -p
    Hash: fd6378a2ad87ed0113fcd8da8b89472361525b72
    Version: webpack 3.9.1
        Hash: fd6378a2ad87ed0113fc
        Time: 189447ms
                                               Asset       Size  Chunks                    Chunk Names
                  dial_in_info_bundle.min.js.LICENSE       1 kB          [emitted]         
                                   app.bundle.min.js    2.87 MB       0  [emitted]  [big]  app.bundle
                          dial_in_info_bundle.min.js     605 kB       2  [emitted]  [big]  dial_in_info_bundle
                                  alwaysontop.min.js     112 kB       3  [emitted]         alwaysontop
                          do_external_connect.min.js    1.99 kB       4  [emitted]         do_external_connect
                           app.bundle.min.js.LICENSE    7.11 kB          [emitted]         
        device_selection_popup_bundle.min.js.LICENSE    6.95 kB          [emitted]         
                device_selection_popup_bundle.min.js     2.4 MB       1  [emitted]  [big]  device_selection_popup_bundle
                          alwaysontop.min.js.LICENSE  529 bytes          [emitted]         
                                  app.bundle.min.map    14.1 MB       0  [emitted]         app.bundle
               device_selection_popup_bundle.min.map    11.9 MB       1  [emitted]         device_selection_popup_bundle
                         dial_in_info_bundle.min.map    3.14 MB       2  [emitted]         dial_in_info_bundle
                                 alwaysontop.min.map     395 kB       3  [emitted]         alwaysontop
                         do_external_connect.min.map    12.6 kB       4  [emitted]         do_external_connect
          [34] ./node_modules/@atlaskit/theme/dist/esm/index.js + 7 modules 13.2 kB {0} {1} [built]
          [51] (webpack)/buildin/global.js 509 bytes {0} {1} {2} [built]
         [141] ./react/features/base/config/parseURLParams.js 1.51 kB {0} {1} {2} {4} [built]
         [311] ./react/features/base/config/getRoomName.js 761 bytes {0} {1} {2} {4} [built]
         [397] ./react/features/base/react/prop-types-polyfill.js 227 bytes {0} {1} {2} [built]
         [939] multi babel-polyfill whatwg-fetch ./app.js 52 bytes {0} [built]
         [940] ./app.js + 2 modules 4.7 kB {0} [built]
         [962] ./modules/UI/UI.js 35.2 kB {0} [built]
         [977] ./react/index.web.js 1.06 kB {0} [built]
         [978] ./react/features/device-selection/popup.js 476 bytes {1} [built]
         [979] ./react/features/device-selection/DeviceSelectionPopup.js 12.3 kB {1} [built]
         [980] ./react/features/always-on-top/index.js + 3 modules 26.7 kB {3} [built]
         [981] multi babel-polyfill whatwg-fetch ./react/features/base/react/prop-types-polyfill.js ./react/features/invite/components/dial-in-info-page 64 bytes {2} [built]
         [982] ./react/features/invite/components/dial-in-info-page/index.js + 2 modules 4.02 kB {2} [built]
         [983] ./connection_optimization/do_external_connect.js 2.51 kB {4} [built]
            + 969 hidden modules
        Hash: d8da8b89472361525b72
        Time: 21360ms
                       Asset    Size  Chunks             Chunk Names
         external_api.min.js  115 kB       0  [emitted]  external_api
        external_api.min.map  568 kB       0  [emitted]  external_api
          [90] (webpack)/buildin/global.js 509 bytes {0} [built]
         [125] ./react/features/base/util/uri.js 14.1 kB {0} [built]
         [128] multi babel-polyfill ./modules/API/external/index.js 40 bytes {0} [built]
         [331] ./modules/API/external/index.js 171 bytes {0} [built]
         [332] ./modules/API/external/external_api.js 30.9 kB {0} [built]
         [334] ./modules/transport/index.js + 9 modules 24.5 kB {0} [built]
         [335] ./react/features/base/util/httpUtils.js 758 bytes {0} [built]
            + 331 hidden modules
    mkdir -p libs
    cp \
    	build/app.bundle.min.js \
    	build/app.bundle.min.map \
    	build/do_external_connect.min.js \
    	build/do_external_connect.min.map \
    	build/external_api.min.js \
    	build/external_api.min.map \
    	build/device_selection_popup_bundle.min.js \
    	build/device_selection_popup_bundle.min.map \
    	build/dial_in_info_bundle.min.js \
    	build/dial_in_info_bundle.min.map \
    	build/alwaysontop.min.js \
    	build/alwaysontop.min.map \
    	./analytics-ga.js \
    cp \
    	node_modules/lib-jitsi-meet//lib-jitsi-meet.min.js \
    	node_modules/lib-jitsi-meet//lib-jitsi-meet.min.map \
    	node_modules/lib-jitsi-meet//connection_optimization/external_connect.js \
    	node_modules/lib-jitsi-meet//modules/browser/capabilities.json \
    ./node_modules/.bin/node-sass css/main.scss css/all.bundle.css && \
    ./node_modules/.bin/cleancss css/all.bundle.css > css/all.css ; \
    rm css/all.bundle.css
    Rendering Complete, saving .css file...
    Wrote CSS to /home/vmadmin/m-health/css/all.bundle.css
    ([ ! -x deploy-local.sh ] || ./deploy-local.sh)
    rm -fr build
    opened by BlakeEram 75
  • Firefox support

    Firefox support

    This is just a support request.

    Chromium works very well. Please support also other browsers such as Firefox in the future.

    Thank you for your great work!

    opened by mokkin 73
  • Make Jitsi WCAG 2.1 compliant

    Make Jitsi WCAG 2.1 compliant

    WCAG 2.1 AA Compliance / Accessibility

    This PR is the followup to https://github.com/jitsi/jitsi-meet/pull/8423 @saghul @damencho

    We managed to make jitsi-meet (web) fully WCAG 2.1 AA compliant. This has been tested and approved by two independent entities. One feedback I want to share with the community came from a person who relies on a screen-reader for his daily work. He was very excited that he was finally able to participate in video conferences at his workplace.

    We would really appreciate if you could give this review some priority because it looks like there is currently a lot of work being done on UI elements and we already had a hard time keeping up with the master branch while doing our final code review 🙂

    This is a rather large PR (sorry 😉) because we had to modify almost every element of jitsi-meet web. But don't be afraid there are a lot of similar changes like aria attributes, color contrasts or keypress handler. I will go into more detail regarding PTT and global keyboard shortcuts below to give you more insights what we did and why we did it. This should make your life easier reviewing all these changes. If there are still things we missed to explain please let us know in the comments.


    • Full keyboard access to all UI elements
    • Better contrast for improved readability/visibility on some elements
    • Descriptive aria attributes and labels for screen readers
    • Highlighting of focused elements
    • Unified wording / More descriptive labels
    • A setting to disable keyboard shortcuts


    • No interference between input elements like buttons and PTT or other global keyboard shortcuts
    • Hide Mute Audio/Video moderation features from toolbox overflow menu if user is not a moderator
    • Re-integrated video mute button to toolbox overflow menu
    • Auto-Hide of toolbox will now recognize focused elements and stay open until unfocused
    • Auto-Hide of toolbox will now recognize when a user is hovering the remote-video-control menu
    • Fixed all places where eslint-disable-next-line react/jsx-no-bind was used to avoid unnecessary rerender
    • The SPACE key will now only unmute while pressed and you were muted before. The old behavior was to also activate mute on SPACE similar to the M key. If you take push-to-talk literally this was a wrong behavior and M should be the only shortcut to mute while SPACE will allow you to talk while holding SPACE when muted.
    • Minor UI fixes like z-index, padding issues, missing headlines in dialogs, responsiveness or overflowing elements

    Push-To-Talk (PTT) / Keyboard Shortcuts

    We decided on an approach that allowed us to keep global shortcuts (like PTT) the jitsi community is used to while adding space bar support to UI elements like buttons and menus. This took some extra work because PTT and other shortcuts like numbers can interfere with the expected experience of screen-reader users and keyboard users in general.

    1. We allow people to disable keyboard shortcuts entirely if features like PTT or number shortcuts are causing too much confusion when using a screen-reader for example. This is a new checkbox in the settings dialog. Keyboard shortcuts stay active by default though to make this a non-breaking change.
    2. We prioritized the keyboard handling of keyboard-focused elements (like input, button, checkbox, ...) over global keyboard shortcuts. Which means when you intentionally focus a button using the tab key the function of the space bar will be to trigger the button. You are also now able to remove focus from an element by pressing ESC. This allows keyboard users to have the native web experience they are used to while also having great features like PTT.


    Big thanks to my team who did most of the hard work @agnesboldt @ahmadkadri @MaikHannemann @nurjinjafar @phk-nord

    Dataport would like to thank the Jitsi Open Source Community for a great product with this active contribution from its Phoenix Open Source Initiative – for further information please visit https://www.phoenix-werkstatt.de or https://www.dataport.de

    opened by skolmer 66
  • Whiteboard: unintended copy functionality

    Whiteboard: unintended copy functionality

    Hi all,

    I'm using a One by Wacom graphical tablet with a two button pen on a standard GNOME installation.

    The following situation as appearing in the below video is reproducible as follows:

    • Copy some text to your clipboard Ctrl+C
    • Open Jitsi's whiteboard
    • Select the pen drawer and start to draw
    • During drawing, press the lower button and release it
    • End the drawing by lifting the pen

    This sequence of actions inserts the before copied text. It's been happening to me many, many times involuntarily.

    Bildschirmaufzeichnung vom 2023-01-09, 13-39-14.webm

    If Jitsi wishes to support pen buttons, it should in my opinion probably point at most one button to the eraser, but due to a lack of configurability and the many existing, different drawing tablets, that should be it for the sake of usability.

    opened by maymage 0
  • Add support for Hermes JS engine

    Add support for Hermes JS engine

    Is your feature request related to a problem you are facing? Yes, my team can't enable hermes as JS engine in our React Native application due to Jitsi SDK limitations. Jitsi adopted hermes in version 2.6.0 and left it again in version 2.10.0, since then is not possible to support Hermes if Jitsi SDK is used.

    Describe the solution you'd like I'd like Jitsi Meet SDK to use Hermes as JS engine. Hermes is now the default engine for all React Native apps (due to improvements) starting at React Native 0.70.0, this fact is even more important now that new RN architecture in near .

    Describe alternatives you've considered None.

    I am sure that Jitsi's team is making his best effort but I know this topic has been discussed in the past. I'd like to know if there is an estimated ETA for this change.


    opened by chema0 0
  • config.disableDeepLinking option not working when passed in URL

    config.disableDeepLinking option not working when passed in URL


    #config.disableDeepLinking=True option not working when passed in URL

    Sample URL : https://meet.jit.si/jitsi#config.disableDeepLinking=True

    Expected behaviour:

    Meeting should be started directly without showing Jitsi Meet App options

    Actual behaviour:

    Native Option screen is displayed


    opened by e2-rubaktechie 4
  • Local recording still showed as

    Local recording still showed as "REC" on my end after my peer hit the limit


    My friend & I were trying the local recording feature on https://meet.jit.si (which, by the way, is very cool!): at the beginning of our conversation, he hit "record." By the end (about 90 minutes later) he went to go stop the recording to ensure it was saved, and found instead of an ongoing recording he'd very quietly gotten a 1.07GB download about 20 minutes prior. On his end, he reported the "REC" indicator had gone away to match the end of the recording, but on my end I still saw it.

    Steps to reproduce:

    I haven't reproduced this myself, but the steps we followed were:

    1. Start local recording with two people in a call
    2. Record for long enough to exceed the size limit (this would probably be easier to do if the limit were artificially reduced by a lot)

    Expected behavior:

    When my peer hits the recording limit, my end of the meeting reflects that recording has stopped. Or, additionally, we have a much more significant notification that recording has ended (similar to the excellent "recording is on" notification).

    Alternatively, if the recording had continued by "rolling over" to a new file, that would have also matched my expectations and what I saw in the UI.

    Actual behavior:

    No recording was ongoing, but I still saw the "REC" indicator at the top of the screen.

    Client information:

    • Browser / app version: Chrome 108.0.5359.124
    • Operating System: macOS
    opened by sethp 0
A private-chat-only Android App for Secure Scuttlebutt

Tremola README Tremola is a Secure Scuttlebutt (SSB) client for Android that only supports private chat. Tremola aims at having the same functionality

Computer Networks Group 29 Oct 30, 2022
Android Combined Application for chat, audio/video calls, and broadcast to millions of web and app users using VdoTok SDK.

Android Combined Application for chat, audio/video calls, and broadcast to millions of web and app users using VdoTok SDK.

VdoTok 3 Nov 22, 2022
Open Source Messenger App For Android - Real-time Messaging, Voice and Video Calls

Open Source Messenger App For Android - Real-time Messaging, Voice and Video Calls

mesibo 630 Dec 7, 2022
Talkufy brings you everything you need. From chatting, video calling (Beta), translating messages, group chats and lots more.

Talkufy A highly advanced and encrypted open source featured chat/video calling app for android using Firebase Firestore and Jitsi Meet. With this app

Scooter 12 Dec 16, 2022
An instant messaging and audio-video calling app

Babble Babble is a chatting and calling application for anyone with an Android phone and an Internet connection. Just sign up using your phone number

Anubhav Chachra 3 Oct 9, 2022
Qiscus provide everything you need to power up your app with chats. And it's now made simple.

Introduction Qiscus Chat SDK (Software Development Kit) is a product provided by Qiscus that enables you to embed an in-app chat/chat feature in your

Qiscus - Multichannel Conversational Platform 197 Dec 27, 2022
NotiNotes - A simple Notes app for Android which only lives in your QS and notification panel

NotiNotes The Notes app for your notification panel. A simple Notes app for Andr

Yann 25 Dec 11, 2022
Chat App is built to demonstrate a simple end-to-end chat encryption using RSA and AES algorithms

End-to-End Encrypted Chat ?? Chat App is built to demonstrate a simple end-to-end chat encryption using RSA and AES algorithms Built With ⚒️ Jetpack C

Team Matrix 6 Dec 23, 2022
A simple library for creating animated warnings/dialogs/alerts for Android.

Noty A simple library for creating animated warnings/notifications for Android. Examples Show me code Show me code Show me code Show me code Show me c

Emre 144 Nov 29, 2022
Signal is a messaging app for simple private communication with friends.

Signal Android Signal is a messaging app for simple private communication with friends. Signal uses your phone's data connection (WiFi/3G/4G) to commu

Signal 23.2k Dec 28, 2022
Simple telegram cat-captcha bot

kotlin-project-template Project Template for convenient project setup. Motivation Every time I create a new project, I do a lot of routine work, so th

Alex Sokol 15 Nov 16, 2022
Simple chat box written in kotlin, requires a redis server

Chat Box A simple chat box written in kotlin which requires a redis server to be used. Features Command Support Online User storage in Redis Easy to u

GrowlyX 2 Jul 17, 2022
A simple real-time chatting application using android

In this project we have created a simple real-time chatting application using android. In this project we can chat with a registered user in the app. We can also set profile photo, about, name. After chatting with registered user we can also logout from the app and we can login, whenever we want .

Shankar Karande 3 Sep 26, 2022
An Android library for simple notification displayed inside ViewGroup instead of system.

SimpleNotificationBar SimpleNotificationBar is an Android library that helps developers to easily create a Notification inside a view group, instead o

Tristan Le 2 Jul 29, 2022
Quick Text is about send the message on WhatsApp without saving number. You can see the status of other and share and download those status also.

Quick Text is about send the message on WhatsApp without saving number. You can see the status of other and share and download those status also.

Dheeraj Gupta 11 May 25, 2022
Messaging API: Connect to PostgreSQL and Kafka to obtain and manage cars inventory

Messaging-API In this simple API, we connect to PostgreSQL and Kafka to obtain a

Kevork 0 Feb 18, 2022
Android has a built in microphone through which you can capture audio and store it , or play it in your phone. There are many ways to do that but with this dialog you can do all thats with only one dialog.

# Media Recorder Dialog ![](https://img.shields.io/badge/Platform-Android-brightgreen.svg) ![](https://img.shields.io/badge/Android-CustomView-blue.sv

Abdullah Alhazmy 73 Nov 29, 2022
NekoX is an free and open source third-party Telegram client, based on Telegram-FOSS with features added.

NekoX NekoX is an free and open source third-party Telegram client, based on Telegram-FOSS with features added. We are no longer able to update versio

NekoX Dev 3.4k Dec 29, 2022
A hybrid chat android application based on the features of Instagram and Whatsapp having UI just as Telegram.

A hybrid chat android application based on the features of Instagram and Whatsapp having UI just as Telegram.

Ratik Tiwari 1 May 22, 2022